030.010 (21S) Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium

Sommersemester 2021

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Erster Termin der LV
04.03.2021 17:00 - 18:30 ONLINE Virtual Classroom in Moodle Off Campus
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Überblick

Bedingt durch die COVID-19-Pandemie können kurzfristige Änderungen bei Lehrveranstaltungen und Prüfungen (z.B. Absage von Präsenz-Lehreveranstaltungen und Umstellung auf Online-Prüfungen) erforderlich sein.

Weitere Informationen zum Lehrbetrieb vor Ort finden Sie unter: https://www.aau.at/corona.
Lehrende/r
LV-Titel englisch
Philosophy of Science for Doctoral Students
LV-Art
Seminar (prüfungsimmanente LV )
LV-Modell
Onlinelehrveranstaltung
Semesterstunde/n
2.0
ECTS-Anrechnungspunkte
4.0
Anmeldungen
8 (15 max.)
Organisationseinheit
Unterrichtssprache
Englisch
mögliche Sprache/n der Leistungserbringung
Englisch
LV-Beginn
04.03.2021
eLearning
zum Moodle-Kurs
Anmerkungen

Language is English, unless all participating students prefer German.

Additional sessions and individual contacts will be agreed upon at the kick-off meeting.

Zeit und Ort

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LV-Beschreibung

Inhalt/e

The course will be held in two parts: 

Several sessions in the first half of the semester.

(a) If in-person meetings are possible: several sessions in the second half of the semester, to be fixed at the last meeting of block (1). 

(b) Otherwise: to be announced at the last meeting of block (1).

Introduction to problems, concepts and foundations of the philosophy of science; critical discussion of selected controversies in the philosophy of science.

The first block will consist in lectures presenting an overview of modern philosophy of science. Starting from the contributions of the members of the Vienna Circe and their critique by Karl Popper, several approaches to characterize (good) science and the adjacent controversies in the philosophy of science will be explained and discussed. The relevance of the positions and proposals will be illustrated by examples of good and bad scientific practice. Depending on the previous knowledge of the participants, we will discuss their ideas about what is scientific research and confront them with different positions in the philosophy of science. At the end of this block, participants shall be in a position to read, understand and critically reflect on key texts in the philosophy of science. 

In the second block, in seminar-style some (not too specialized) texts on controversies in the philosophy of science will be presented by students and, if possible, discussed by all participants. The topics will be chosen according to the interests of the participating students, taking into account their previous work, the topic of their doctoral dissertation and their interests. Examples for such topics include, but are not restricted to: 

  • deduction und induction,
  • the 19th century „Dispute of Methods“ („Methodenstreit“) in German social science,
  • the value judgment controversy,
  • the Positivist Dispute, 
  • the Kuhn-Lakatos-Feyerabend-debate, 
  • realism – antirealism – constructivism, 
  • Marxism and its critique, 
  • Postmodernism and its overcoming.

Participants will be asked to give presentationsof texts to be agreed upon individually. A critical attitude towards the texts and the development of an independent position will be encouraged.  In particular, reflections about the questions “What does this mean for my own doctoral dissertation? How can I apply this?” will be solicited. Moreover, if the pandemic situation permits, one seminar unit will consist of an invited lectureby a philosopher of science within the academic lecture series of the Karl Popper Foundation Klagenfurt (which will be open to the interested public).  

Literatur

Recommended Textbooks:

Samir Okasha, Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction. 2. Aufl., Oxford University Press: Oxford 2016.

Gillian Barker, Philipp Kitcher, Philosophy of Science: A New Introduction. Oxford University Press: Oxford 2013.

Peter Godfrey-Smith, Theory and Reality: an introduction to the philosophy of science. Chicago University Press: Chicago 2003.

Gerhard Schurz, Philosophy of Science: A Unified Approach. Routledge: New York 2014.

Reader (collection of important texts):

Martin Curd, J.A. Cover, Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues. W.W. Norton: New York 1998.

Comprehensive Survey:

Martin Curd, Stathis Psillos (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science. 2nded., Routledge, New York 2014.

Texts for the students’ presentations will be selected after fixing the topics of the second block and provided in the semester apparatus or individually to participating students.

Inhalt/e

The course will be held in two parts: 

Several sessions in the first half of the semester.

(a) If in-person meetings are possible: several sessions in the second half of the semester, to be fixed at the last meeting of block (1). 

(b) Otherwise: to be announced at the last meeting of block (1).

Introduction to problems, concepts and foundations of the philosophy of science; critical discussion of selected controversies in the philosophy of science.

The first block will consist in lectures presenting an overview of modern philosophy of science. Starting from the contributions of the members of the Vienna Circe and their critique by Karl Popper, several approaches to characterize (good) science and the adjacent controversies in the philosophy of science will be explained and discussed. The relevance of the positions and proposals will be illustrated by examples of good and bad scientific practice. Depending on the previous knowledge of the participants, we will discuss their ideas about what is scientific research and confront them with different positions in the philosophy of science. At the end of this block, participants shall be in a position to read, understand and critically reflect on key texts in the philosophy of science. 

In the second block, in seminar-style some (not too specialized) texts on controversies in the philosophy of science will be presented by students and, if possible, discussed by all participants. The topics will be chosen according to the interests of the participating students, taking into account their previous work, the topic of their doctoral dissertation and their interests. Examples for such topics include, but are not restricted to: 

  • deduction und induction,
  • the 19th century „Dispute of Methods“ („Methodenstreit“) in German social science,
  • the value judgment controversy,
  • the Positivist Dispute, 
  • the Kuhn-Lakatos-Feyerabend-debate, 
  • realism – antirealism – constructivism, 
  • Marxism and its critique, 
  • Postmodernism and its overcoming. 

Participants will be asked to give presentationsof texts to be agreed upon individually. A critical attitude towards the texts and the development of an independent position will be encouraged.  In particular, reflections about the questions “What does this mean for my own doctoral dissertation? How can I apply this?” will be solicited. Moreover, if the pandemic situation permits, one seminar unit will consist of an invited lectureby a philosopher of science within the academic lecture series of the Karl Popper Foundation Klagenfurt (which will be open to the interested public).  

Literatur

 Recommended Textbooks:

Samir Okasha, Philosophy of Science: A Very Short Introduction. 2. Aufl., Oxford University Press: Oxford 2016 (elementary introduction).

Gillian Barker, Philipp Kitcher, Philosophy of Science: A New Introduction. Oxford University Press: Oxford 2013.

Peter Godfrey-Smith, Theory and Reality: an introduction to the philosophy of science. Chicago University Press: Chicago 2003 (the first 7 chapters can be downloaded from this site).

Gerhard Schurz, Philosophy of Science: A Unified Approach. Routledge: New York 2014 (more advanced).

Reader (collection of important texts):

Martin Curd, J.A. Cover, Philosophy of Science: The Central Issues. W.W. Norton: New York 1998.

Comprehensive Survey:

Martin Curd, Stathis Psillos (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science. 2nd ed., Routledge, New York 2014.

Texts for the students’ presentations will be selected after fixing the topics of the second block and provided in the semester apparatus or individually to participating students.

Prüfungsinformationen

Im Fall von online durchgeführten Prüfungen sind die Standards zu beachten, die die technischen Geräte der Studierenden erfüllen müssen, um an diesen Prüfungen teilnehmen zu können.

Prüfungsmethode/n

The oral presentation and its written elaboration in a seminar paper (essay) will count for 40 percent each; participation in the discussions will count for 20%. Questions on topics presented in the lecture part may be asked to speakers during their presentations. If meetings in class will not be possible due to the pandemic, these meetings will take place jointly or individually in online form. Attendance in all sessions is required.

Prüfungsmethode/n

The oral presentation and its written elaboration in a seminar paper (essay) will count for 40 percent each; participation in the discussions will count for 20%. Questions on topics presented in the lecture part may be asked to speakers during their presentations. If meetings in class will not be possible due to the pandemic, these meetings will take place jointly or individually in online form. Attendance in all sessions is required.

Beurteilungsschema

Note Benotungsschema

Position im Curriculum

  • Doktoratsprogramm Modeling, Simulation and Optimization in Business and Economics (SKZ: ---, Version: 16W.2)
    • Fach: Modelling, Simulation, Optimization in Business and Economics (Pflichtfach)
      • Modelling, Simulation, Optimization in Business and Economics ( 0.0h XX / 0.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Naturwissenschaften (SKZ: 600, Version: 18W.1)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 0.0h XX / 40.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Naturwissenschaften (SKZ: 600, Version: 12W.4)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 20.0h XX / 40.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Naturwissenschaften (SKZ: 791, Version: 12W.4)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 20.0h XX / 40.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften (SKZ: 300, Version: 18W.1)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 0.0h XX / 80.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften (SKZ: 300, Version: 12W.4)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 40.0h XX / 80.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaften (SKZ: 784, Version: 12W.4)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 40.0h XX / 80.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Technischen Wissenschaften (SKZ: 700, Version: 18W.1)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 0.0h XX / 32.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Technischen Wissenschaften (SKZ: 700, Version: 12W.4)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 16.0h XX / 32.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Technischen Wissenschaften (SKZ: 786, Version: 12W.4)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 16.0h XX / 32.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Philosophie (SKZ: 500, Version: 18W.1)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 0.0h XX / 32.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Philosophie (SKZ: 500, Version: 12W.4)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 16.0h XX / 32.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Philosophie (SKZ: 792, Version: 12W.4)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 16.0h XX / 32.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Philosophie (SKZ: 792, Version: 09W.2)
    • Fach: Lehrveranstaltungen auf postgradualem Niveau (Pflichtfach)
      • Lehrveranstaltungen auf postgradualem Niveau ( 6.0h SE / 0.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Rechtswissenschaften (SKZ: 200, Version: 18W.1)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 0.0h XX / 32.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)
  • Doktoratsstudium Doktoratsstudium der Rechtswissenschaften (SKZ: 200, Version: 17W.1)
    • Fach: Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums (Pflichtfach)
      • Studienleistungen gem. § 3 Abs. 2a des Curriculums ( 16.0h XX / 32.0 ECTS)
        • 030.010 Wissenschaftstheorie für das Doktoratsstudium (2.0h SE / 4.0 ECTS)

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